July 7, 2014   Posted by: Dr. Ace Jeangle

How to program custom EDID data in HDMI converter

Use below information at your own risk. We take absolutely no responsibility for any damage accured to your PC while attempting this procedure!
EDID files for our panels are available in Support/Sources section on our website.

 
 
 
 

EDID stands for Extended Display Identification Data (EDID), and is a data structure provided by an LCD to describe its capabilities and supported resolutions to a video source (RaspberryPi, PC, Android stick, etc.) EDID is stored in EEPROM memory chip with I2C interface on LCD receiver side. In our case this is small chip U5:
HDMI-LVDS converter, EDID chip
dualLVDS EDID

We ship our HDMI converters with pre-programmed EDID data for our standard LCD panels (1280×800 for single-LVDS, and 1920×1200 for dual-LVDS converter). If you want to use it with different LCD panel and different resolution, then you should update EDID information stored in EEPROM chip. Fortunately, this is not difficult procedure, and it will not require any special hardware tools. All you need is Linux powered PC or board (like RasPi) with HDMI output and keyboard to type in terminal commands. So, run Linux, open Terminal, connect our HDMI converter to HDMI output of PC, and power it with external power supply. Others cables are not required.

  1. First of all, lets install required tools. We will need Python SMBus library to read/write data to I2C bus, and EDID decode tools to represent EDID data in human-readable form:
    1
    sudo apt-get install python-smbus edid-decode
  2. Then we should download edid-rw utility:
    1
    git clone https://github.com/bulletmark/edid-rw
  3. And write-edid script that I wrote to simplify update process:
    1
    git clone https://github.com/ChalkElec/write-edid
  4. Activate i2c-dev kernel module to get access to I2C bus:
    1
    sudo modprobe i2c-dev
  5. Now we should find which I2C bus is used by our HDMI adapter. The simplest way is to try bus numbers one by one with command like:
    1
    sudo ./edid-rw 0 | edid-decode
  6. In my case I found HDMI adapter on bus #3:
    1
    sudo ./edid-rw 3 | edid-decode

    I got output like this:

    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    6
    7
    8
    9
    10
    11
    12
    13
    14
    15
    16
    17
    18
    19
    20
    21
    22
    23
    24
    25
    26
    27
    28
    29
    30
    31
    32
    33
    34
    35
    36
    37
    38
    39
    40
    41
    Extracted contents:
    header:          00 ff ff ff ff ff ff 00
    serial number:   30 e4 45 03 00 00 00 00 00 15
    version:         01 04
    basic params:    90 16 0e 78 02
    chroma info:     e8 87 96 5a 55 95 28 22 51 55
    established:     00 00 00
    standard:        01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01
    descriptor 1:    4c 1d 00 ec 50 20 18 30 40 30 57 00 d9 88 00 00 00 1b
    descriptor 2:    16 12 00 80 50 20 16 30 30 20 47 00 d9 88 00 00 00 1b
    descriptor 3:    00 00 00 fe 00 43 33 47 52 4e 80 31 30 31 57 58 31 0a
    descriptor 4:    00 00 00 00 00 00 41 32 a8 00 00 00 00 01 01 0a 20 20
    extensions:      00
    checksum:        9a

    Manufacturer: LGD Model 345 Serial Number 0
    Made week 0 of 2011
    EDID version: 1.4
    Digital display
    6 bits per primary color channel
    Digital interface is not defined
    Maximum image size: 22 cm x 14 cm
    Gamma: 2.20
    Supported color formats: RGB 4:4:4
    First detailed timing is preferred timing
    Established timings supported:
    Standard timings supported:
    Detailed mode: Clock 75.000 MHz, 217 mm x 136 mm
                   1280 1344 1392 1516 hborder 0
                    800  805  812  824 vborder 0
                   +hsync -vsync
    Detailed mode: Clock 46.300 MHz, 217 mm x 136 mm
                   1280 1328 1360 1408 hborder 0
                    800  804  811  822 vborder 0
                   +hsync -vsync
    ASCII string: C3GRN€101WX1
    Manufacturer-specified data, tag 0
    Checksum: 0x9a
    EDID block does NOT conform to EDID 1.3!
        Missing name descriptor
        Missing monitor ranges

    I can recognize it by Manufacturer string that contains “LGD” – short code of LG Display company, and by resolutions numbers “1280” and “800” in Detailed mode string. For dualLVDS converter resolution will be 1920×1200

  7. Now we know I2C bus number and can program another EDID information to our HDMI adapter. But be careful to state correct bus number on the next step. Better check twice output on previous step, then check once again. If you state wrong I2C bus number, you can accidentally overwrite another I2C EEPROM with wrong data (like EDID information of main LCD panel of your notebook).
  8. We use the following command to update EDID with information from file edid_auo14.bin (in our case this is EDID information for our 14″ AUO panel):
    1
    sudo ./write-edid.sh 3 edid_auo14.bin
  9. Let’s check that EDID has been updated:
    1
    sudo ./edid-rw 3 | edid-decode

    We should have the following output for 14″ EDID data:

    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    6
    7
    8
    9
    10
    11
    12
    13
    14
    15
    16
    17
    18
    19
    20
    21
    22
    23
    24
    25
    26
    27
    28
    29
    30
    31
    32
    33
    34
    35
    36
    37
    38
    39
    40
    41
    Extracted contents:
    header:          00 ff ff ff ff ff ff 00
    serial number:   06 af 3c 10 00 00 00 00 00 16
    version:         01 04
    basic params:    90 1f 11 78 02
    chroma info:     10 b5 97 58 57 92 26 1e 50 54
    established:     00 00 00
    standard:        01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01
    descriptor 1:    ce 1d 56 d2 50 00 26 30 10 10 3e 00 35 ad 10 00 00 18
    descriptor 2:    df 13 56 d2 50 00 26 30 10 10 3e 00 35 ad 10 00 00 18
    descriptor 3:    00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
    descriptor 4:    00 00 00 02 00 0c 39 cc 0d 3c 64 0f 0c 1b 6f 20 20 20
    extensions:      00
    checksum:        0d

    Manufacturer: AUO Model 103c Serial Number 0
    Made week 0 of 2012
    EDID version: 1.4
    Digital display
    6 bits per primary color channel
    Digital interface is not defined
    Maximum image size: 31 cm x 17 cm
    Gamma: 2.20
    Supported color formats: RGB 4:4:4
    First detailed timing is preferred timing
    Established timings supported:
    Standard timings supported:
    Detailed mode: Clock 76.300 MHz, 309 mm x 173 mm
                   1366 1382 1398 1576 hborder 0
                    768  771  785  806 vborder 0
                   -hsync -vsync
    Detailed mode: Clock 50.870 MHz, 309 mm x 173 mm
                   1366 1382 1398 1576 hborder 0
                    768  771  785  806 vborder 0
                   -hsync -vsync
    Manufacturer-specified data, tag 0
    Manufacturer-specified data, tag 2
    Checksum: 0xd
    EDID block does NOT conform to EDID 1.3!
        Missing name descriptor
        Missing monitor ranges

    As you can see, Manufacturer string now contains “AUO”, and Detailed mode has resolution 1366×768, so we did everything right, and now we can use HDMI adapter with another panel (14″ AUO in our example)

 
 

2 comments posted in: blog   |   How-To
2 comments
  1. […] We supply our converter board with pre-loaded EDID data for our 10″ FullHD+ LCD (resolution 1920×1200 px). You will need to update EDID information in converter in order to use it with your own LCD. EDID update procedure is described here: How to program custom EDID data in HDMI converter […]

  2. Nilesh Mane
    Jul 20, 2015

    where can i get this edid_auo14.bin file?

    we want connect 11.6 inch LCD to our board for this we want to write the eeprom with its details can you provide the edid details for this display(.bin file).

    Nilesh

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Time limit is exhausted. Please reload CAPTCHA.